What are the ABS, EBD, CSC, HA and TC terms in car safety?


05 January,2023


04 June,2024

essential car safety terms

The safety of your vehicle should not be ignored. For that, you need to know each and everything about your vehicle. And, before anything else, you need to buy a car insurance policy to make it safe against uncertain events. It may be a little confusing when it comes to taking care of your car parts or system without having the proper knowledge. If you understand your vehicle, you can easily know how to boost up the things. There are certain terminologies in abbreviations related to cars such as ABS, EBD, CSC, HA, TC are available, you often see in brochures and news reports. Knowing them better can help you know what they mean and how they work.


ABS (Anti-lock Braking System)



ABS is known as an Anti-lock braking system or Anti-Skid Braking System. This helps to prevent your car from locking up and improves steering control while taking a break. The French pioneer Gabriel Voisin has developed the first primitive form of ABS in the 1920s. There are four major components of ABS named Speed Sensor that help in monitoring the speed of wheels while rotating, Valves allow block and release pressure on brakes, Pump applies pressure to the brake drums and calipers when needed, Controller is the main part of ABS that determines whether or not to pump the brakes. All these together help in the proper functioning of ABS while driving your car. Three steps of ABS - Push the brake pedal, Detect skidding or locking with wheel sensor and Pumps the brakes with ABS.


EBD (Electronic Brakeforce Distribution)



EBD ensures the correct brake force for each of the car wheels equally. The weight of a car shifts on four wheels when it breaks, and every wheel has a different capacity to support vehicle weight. However, the force applied to all four tires is different. When braking too hard, the car's momentum speed gets higher than the wheels. This increases friction between the road surface and tires. This results in losing control over the vehicle. And, EBD as an important safety feature helps in distributing the right amount of force applied to each wheel according to the weight. If there's no electronic brakeforce distribution, it could result in car slipping and loss of control on the vehicle.


CSC (Corner Stability Control)



CSC is a safety system for a vehicle that assists your driving during maneuvering a curve at high speed. Cornering Stability Control also known as Torque Vectoring Brake. This is considered as a sub-part of the electronic stability system (ESP) as well as defined in another way called an antilock braking system. With all these safety concerns, you must not forget to buy a car insurance policy for complete safety against uncertain events. When a vehicle moves along a circular road, the centripetal force takes place. This act distracts the weight of the car away from the center of curvature of the road. This leads to a lack of force of traction in the inner wheels of the vehicle. The severity of these forces increases due to the speed of the vehicle. Due to this, the vehicle experiences an overall imbalance. It may possibly a vehicle may get drifted away from the intended path and move into another side that may risk the accident. And, CSC safety feature helps avoid these mistakes.


HA (Hill Start Assist)



The feature HA, i.e., Hill Start Assist, helps in preventing roll-back when driving on a slope or inclined surface. When you drive to a hilly area or upward slope, it helps in resisting slide back when stopped at a point. When on an inclined surface or hill, HA comes to a complete stop. Also, helped in continuing to hold the brake while switching foot away from the brake pedal to start driving again. Some also help you prevent from sliding forward on a drop. As per the mechanism, there are sensors available on the vehicle which used to detect your vehicle when on an incline. When you switch from the brakes to the gas pedal, the hill start assist balances the pressure applied to the brake. And, it releases the brake once you press the accelerator.


TC (Traction Control)



This safety feature helps to prevent the wheel from slipping or skidding when driving on a wet or greasy road. While accelerating from a stopped and slowed position, traction control manages the most. This feature helps a lot while driving your car by making it smoother and staying in control on wet roads during rainy weather. The car is liable to slip when it attempts to accelerate on a slippery surface such as ice or wobbly gravels without traction control. The reason is a lack of proper grip that results in wheel spin abruptly on the road surface. So, here the traction control feature gets activated when it senses the risk of wheel skid and helps the driver make use of the traction specification to the rescue.


As per our earlier reports, the ministry of road transport & highways (MRTH), in 2017, has matched that all passenger vehicle (M1) and minivan (M2) must be available with anti-lock braking system from April 1, 2018 (for new vehicles) and April 1, 2019 (for currently-existing models).


Final words, here you can protect your car more conveniently because of the knowledge you got about ABS, EBS, CSC, HA, TC terms in car safety. You can consult your car dealer or insurance company to get more about safety.

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